Thebez or modern Tubas sits on the approaches to wadi Farrah, a steep winding valley described as the most picturesque drive in Israel by Murphy O’Connor. The wadi leads from Shechem down to the Jordan valley to Dier-Allah in Jordan or the ancient Succoth, and marks the path where the exhausted Jacob led his family and his struggling flocks to what was expected to be a time of contentment at Shechem, the place of the initial patriarchal connection with the land.
The events occourring at Thebez are both unique and fascinating. Abimelech, a son of a concubine is a son formed outside the normal family connections Judges 8:31 and separate to the entire family of 70 sons; “of his body begotten” 8:30 clearly pointing to the national origins of Israel who with Jacob were seventy souls “coming from his loins” in Egypt Ex 1:5 This Abimelech was then to be an apostate son. and clearly antagonistic to the family of 70 or the figurative nation by the cruel manner in which he killed the entire family, save Jotham, at Oprhah. 9:24 But in this savage work the men of Shechem, or men of patriarchal origins, had assisted and pointed towards the co-operation between the Romans and the Jews in the crucifixion of Christ, and the ecclesia that was formed from Him. A component of this wrath then is the destruction of Shechem, figurative of the fall of Jerusalem being sowed with salt 9:45 It is following this event that a spiritual remnant noted in the remaining son Jotham was to find victory against this force at Thebez.
Thebez then is the place of strength for the spiritual remnant of Israel. It was noted for it’s tower or migdal from which the principles of deity were demonstrated. It had walls and fortifications from which Abimelech (My father the king) would find his demise by a upper-millstone 9:53; 2Sam 11:22,23 pointing to the fall of the great system which stands against those who read their bibles, and adhere to patriarchal principles demonstrated in the messiah so cruelly killed. Rev 18:21 The upper millstone was the component moved by either hand or by animal to grind grain removing husks, and producing (fine) flour (see Isa 47:2) This upper stone represented a whole man’s life in action Deut 24:5 and could not be taken away by another pledge, as it was already given by oath to the service of deity Ex 6:6,7 The system that takes away from dedicated service will be likewise destroyed. This upper stone is predicted by Daniel as a stone that grind the kingdom of men into pieces and become a mountain and fill the earth Dan 2:45 The agent that destroys Abimelech (note the title Father or al-Papa, or Pope so applied to the leaders of such system) is described as simply a certain woman. This term is used within the book of Revelation, where two woman stand juxtaposed. A woman, who is a whore stands in juxtaposition to virgins who follow the lamb Rev 14 and it is this group collectively styled “the woman” who justly will destroy the system Isa 26:6
The name is suggested as a Canaanite origin meaning “illuminating star” (1) or “brightness” (3) Tubas is located in a wide basin that overlooks the northern approaches to Wadi Farrah. The richness of the agricultural pursuits in the area are well demonstrated with the gathering of olives from numerous tress spread across the basin. Traces of the ancient roman road and cemetery still exist in the area, but otherwise little remains to indicate the antiquity of Thebez
ref (1) Palmer, 1881, p. 209 (2) Robinson, Edward. Smith, Eli. (1856). Later Biblical Researches in Palestine and the Adjacent Regions: A Journal of Travels in the Year 1852 J. Murray, pp.305-306. (b) vol 2 pg 317 (3) Eastons bible dictionary