Ono, K’far Ana; modern Kiryat Ono; modern

The town’s name is from a hebrew word meaning to be vigorous or to exert (successfully) The town is repeatedly mentioned alongside Lod.  It was a city of Benjamin and built with Lod and other smaller villages in the area by Ebar, Misham and Shamed sons of Elpaal 1Chron 8:12 It is placed alongside a person or place called Hadid  Ezra 2:33; Neh 7:37;  It was rebuilt by Shamed (heb preserved) with its villages 11:35 Ono must have been an early established site as it is mentioned in the lists of Thutmoses III at Karnak (8)

It is described as a plain; Bikah Ono Neh 6:2; A bikah is an area enclosed by mountains (5)  in or near the “valley of the craftsmen” Neh 11:35 or valley of Charashim, most likely wadi Masirah/Musrara (3,6) a side valley leading to the plain of beit Nuba, or the biblical valley of Aijalon, near Lod (4,5).  The area was founded by a son of Othniel from the tribe of Judah 1 Chron 4:14. The word is translated as expert “craftsmen” Isa 3:3 and a character required in the maintenance of the city under siege conditions, Isa 3:8.

Considered Kefr `Ana 10km northwest of Lod(1,5) and mentioned in the Mishna as being fortified by Joshua (2) but there is no reference in the book of Joshua to this idea. K’far Ana is a neighbourhood in Kiryat Ono, where several excavations by the Tel-Aviv university have uncovered pottery sherds (10b)


Chadid,  Harim Ezra 2:32, Adida; Greek/Roman Lod-hadid, Adatha; Eusebius(11) Tel-Hadid/el-Hditheh modern

The city  is also mentioned alongside Lod, perhaps el-Hditheh around 6km NE of Lod, and known as Adida  in Greco-roman times, and fortified by Simon Maccabeus (7) Later writers also refer to the town as Lod-Hadid, again reiterating the connection with Lod. (9) It was a town that guarded the road leading to Jerusalem from Lod and Gophnah (10)

The word Hadid comes from a root meaning to sharpen, and is used of sharpening iron tools Prov 27:17; Ezek 21:9,10,11

Incidentally there is a gate called the Bab el Hadid gate near the little western wall in Jerusalem. It would appear that this gate was named after the gate built in Allepo by Mohammed’s grandson? It’s name means the iron gate.

The lesson learnt from the location of Ono and Hadid, is the invitation to both leave Jerusalem and the work that Nehemiah attended there, and also the strategic benefit of being in the hill country. The rolling country is demonstrated in the photograph above.  The challenge was placed before Nehemiah of whether to engage with the enemies of the building work at Jerusalem. Compromise of the energy (Ono) and resolve (Hadid) of Nehemiah was the challenge. There was no room for compromise was his response: I am committed to a great work, do not distract me! Neh 6:2 The opportunity for challenge was seen in Neh 6:1 where Nehemiah had not yet set up the doors. There were still decisions (the idea of the door) to be made, and the antagonists were looking for every avenue to take away the importance and value (note the use of the word fear) of the task at hand. These doors were set up (heb = appointed) in the prophets Neh 6:7 who guided the people in the objective of fearing the king of Judah (Christ) This care of the gates was a continuing work of Nehemiah: 7:3; 13:19 and is a continuing challenge for us to care for what enters our minds and hearts.


  1. Easton’s bible dictionary
  2. Arakhin ix.6
  3. James Strong: Cyclopaedia of biblical, theological and ecclesiastical literature pg 213
  4. Smiths bible dictionary; Char’ashim pg 412; Ono 2:236
  5. Robinson: Physical geography of the Holy land pg 103f
  6. Homann: Concise bible dictionary pg 464
  7. 1Macc 12:38;13:13 Antiq 13.203,392; war 4.486
  8. Eerdmans Bible Dictionary pg 989
  9. Avi-Yonah: The holy land pg 158
  10. Avraham Negev: Encyclopaedia of the holy land pg 213 (10b) pg278,279
  11. Eusebius; Onamasticon 24.24 east of Lod