In conjunction with a recent post on Hermon, the following should be added:

Amana Song 4:8 seems to be a reference to the southeastern slopes of mount Hermon, now in modern Syria, and close to Jebel Zabadani. It is probably the area that gives rise to the river Abana 2 Kings 5:12. The area is mentioned in c21BC Mesopotamian inscriptions as a location for good-quality marble and timber used for Assyrian and Sumerian construction. (1) [Zabadani is a location well known for wealthy Syrians to have a holiday or weekend house to escape the heat of Damascus.]

Senir [Senir with letter sin, and not Shenir with a Shin] can also be associated with a more northern segment, known by the arabic name of Snir or Senr. Mentioned three times in scripture as the Amorite name for Hermon, it may reflect this segment of the Hermon range. Deut 3:9; 1Chron 5:23 It is however more likely that the name is a general Amorite name used of the entire anti-Lebanese range. Tyre made ships from fir of Senir. Ezek 27:5 Hazael built a fortress here to thwart Shalmanesser II, howbeit unsuccessfully and is described as the “entrance of Lebanon” and at the north of the .anti-Lebanese range. Medieval arabic geographers call the range north of Damascus by this name (4) In biblical terms it is listed as the boundary of the half tribe of Manasseh indicating their inheritance was to extend to the eastern/northeastern slopes of Hermon 1 Chron 5:23.

Mizar. a single reference in Ps 42:6 literally “my insignificance” is understood to be a small mountain or summit from which the waters of the Jordan emerge. Note the references to the land of the Jordan, and the land of the Hermonites in this verse.  This could be the range that extends down to the waters of Banias also probably known as  Abel-mayim which  is considered another name for Dan. Abel-mayim is mentioned in ancient texts with the phrase “Abel-Mayim which is by Sirion” (2) The name Abiyl (ceniform A bi il) was mentioned a number of times in the Hazael inscription found at Tel el Qadi (Dan) and in correspondence from Tighlath Pilliser II. It is felt that these were references to the tel which was taken by conquest. Josephus also mentions Abel-ain, probably the same place (3) Incidentally bronze age finds seem to confirm this location with the location of Laish, Josh 19:47.

  1. Avraham Negev: Archeological encyclopaedia of the holy land pg 31
  2. Edward Lipinski: On the skirts of Canaan in the Iron Age: historical and topographical researches  pg 244
  3. Antiq: viii.12.4
  4. ISBE pg 394
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