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The valley of Adummim or the ascent from Jericho to Jerusalem, past Maale-Adummim and east through wadi Kelt (Qelt/Qilt) (Luke 10:33) is considered the backdrop to the parable of the good Samaritan, Luke 10:35-37. The ancient roman road follows almost the same path as the modern road, and a little to the south. The location of Adummim, is near Maale Adummim, and the location is marked by the construction of a fortress in the time of Eusebius called Maledommei (2) the castle of Adummim by Burchard (3) and a crusader castle on the north side of the road by the knights templar, called Maldouin or Chastel Rouge, with all these names indicating the heritage of the place. A khan called “the khan of the Samaritan” (Le Khan de Samaritan) is not far from this castle, and is considered as the basis for the parable mentioned. Pompey passed through Adummim en route to Jerusalem (1) A further location half-way up wadi Qelt is a section of the wadi called wadi Tal’et ed-Dam, again carrying the toponym
The parable of the actions of the Samaritan demonstrates that love of God is an active appreciation. It involves the giving of both time and money 10:35 physical and emotional exertion, with the binding of wounds with the pouring of personal oil and wine. Binding up wounds an indication of not only physical injury but spiritual position, and pointed at those in the nation that thought they had no need of healing of wounds.
The valley itself marks the boundary between the tribal inheritance of Benjamin and Judah, Josh 15:7; 18:17. Jerome and others make the association with red soil or rocks, but the area is comprised of white limestone. The LXX considers the location as the ascent of the red/blood haired men. The same word adummim is used of the blood stained garments of the conqueror from Bozrah Isa 63:2 cf 2 Kings 3:22. This clearly is an indication of the blood stained garments of the messiah, particularly in his agents returning from the wilderness of the peoples with his redeemed, but once smitten brethren. Israel in their diaspora have been troubled, and afflicted, and it will take the same active spirit of the Samaritan to convince them of the value of the sacrifice of their messiah once offered a few miles from this location outside Jerusalem. They will echo the words of Hosea: “Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up” Hos 6:1; Deut 32:39; Jer 30:17.
- Smiths bible dictionary pg 666
- Eusebius onam 24:10
- Burchardus, de mounte Sion, AD 1280, pg 64