Rome was built on the legend of two sons Remus and Romulus who were developed by the suckling of a wolf. Romulus kills Remus after dispute over the site of the city, Remus preferring Aventine hill, and Romulus the Palatine hill. This myth was promulgated by Plutarch amongst others. A wall on Palatine hill has been uncovered with the inscription of Romulus and dated to ca8cBC indicating a rough date of the commencement of the capital. The capital was over time to expand to cover seven hills:

Aventine Hill (Latin, Aventinus; Italian, Aventino),  Caelian Hill (Caelius, Celio) Capitoline hill (Capitolinus, Campidoglio) Esquiline Hill   (Esquilinus, Esquilino) Palatine Hill (Palatinus, Palatino) Qirinal Hill (Quirinalis, Quirinale) Viminal Hill (Viminalis, Viminale). This is a point of identification of the latter day apostacy: “Here is the mind which hath wisdom: The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sitteth” Rev 18:9

Seven types of Government wer also seen Regal,  Consular, Dictitorial,  Decimudal, Tirbunal, Imperial,  finally Gothic  476-554AD representing seven kings Rev 18:10

Rome had an inglorious history in the middle east. Pompey after conquering Jerusalem in 63BC and took control of Judea ca40-39BC making it a client state of Rome. In 6BC Augustus was deposed and its territories were amalgamated under the tetrarchies of Herod the Idumean. Three unsuccessful revolts against Rome were conducted a)The great Jewish revolt  66-70AD, [also see article on Arch of Titus] the Kitos war 115-117AD and the final revolt under Simon Bar Chochba 132-135AD   In 135AD the name Judea was removed after the defeat of Simon Bar Chocba and the land called Syria Palaestinia, and the name of Jerusalem changed to Aelia Capitolina.

The conquest of Rome in Israel was the matter of prophecy:

  1. A nation of fierce countenance Deut 28:50; Dan 7:7 strong exceedingly.
  2. A nation from far Deut 28:49
  3. As swift as the eagle (the standard of the roman troops) Dan 28:49.
  4. A nation whose language not understood Deut 28:49.
  5. Gentile nation Luke 21:24
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