Lystra stands on the ancient Persian road between Sardis and Persopolis and is today marked by the tel called Zordula Huyuk. The artefacts found at Lystra can be found within a small collection at the nearby village of Hatunsaray, and some in the yards of local houses! The site was positively identified by a stone altar ca2cAD now within the museum of Konya.
Paul visted Lystra Acts 14:6 and again in Acts 14:21; on on his subsequent journey found Timothy here Acts 16:1; And possibly again, if Lystra considered within the territory of Galatia Acts 18:23. It was a place where Timothy witnessed the afflictions and persecutions that Paul was to fill up for Christ. 2Tim 3:10,11
Lystra was informed that before that time God had suffered the nations to walk in their own ways, but not without witness to His power. The creative forces of deity in creation defined in the process of “And God said… and it was so” indicates that the divine Hupostasis or creative intent of God was not frustrated in its objectives. The same creative intent was spoken in regard to men “And God said, let us create man in our image and likeness.” This hupostasis will likewise not be frustrated, the word of Yahweh not returning to Him void, but accomplishing everything it was sent out to do. This is acheived by faithful participation with the purpose of deity. “So faith is the hupostasis of things hoped for” Heb 11:1. The things of creation are an evident token of the unfinished business of deity, to us as much as to the inhabitants of Lystra. Rom 1:19f The lesson of Lystra is “Liking to retain God in our knowledge and experiences” Rom 1:28
[Hermes: National museum, Athens] Hermes is the patron god of Travellers. It is the name of one of the brethren at Rome Rom 16:14 and the title given to Paul as “Mecurius” because he was chief speaker Acts 14:12 The god was otherwise known by the Romans as Mercury. The name Hermes may come from the greek root ereo to utter or speak.
[Zeus bronze: National museum, Athens] Silas was called Jupiter (roman), or Zeus (greek) Acts 14:12,13
[National museum, Athens] The occupants of Lystra brought oxen and garlands to the gates to offer to the gods. The greek meaning has a father of helps. further details on Lystra: Ramsay, Cities of Paul, pg 407