This is Tadmor 215km NE of Damascus and 185km SW from the Euphrates at Dier ez-Zor. The town is the geographical terminus of the Hamath east-west rift from the mediteranean. The trading city of Solomon’s NE administrative district is described as “Tadmor in the wilderness” 2Chron 8:4; 1Kings 9:18 and the sandy/loose gravel can be seen from this photograph extending westwards to the Euphrates.

Known in history as “the bride of the desert” the city was best known for it’s incredibly shrewd Queen, Xenobia,  who rebelled against the romans.

Tadmor was on the western trade route that extended through Reseph to the fords of Tiphshah where the borders of Solomon once extended. This ancient roman route was marked by springs every 20-30 km and could reliably carry significant trade from Assyria through to Damascus. It was a significant strategic value not only to Solomon, but even to later empires such as the Assyrians under Tiglath Pilliser I

Tadmor contains the idea of upright(ness) from the idea of palm trees standing. A feature of the waterhole that marks the western border of the town toady is the large grove of palm trees that surround the water, and may well have been a watering hole for the Patriarchs on their travels to and from Mesopotamia

As great as it was in history, the city became a haven for the pantheon of the gods, with numerous deties represented here, not the least of them Baal, and the heads of the columns bearing palm decorations.

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